Acetazolamide is used to avoid and reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache, tiredness, sickness, dizziness, and shortness of breath that will occur when you climb up quickly to high altitudes (generally above 10,000 feet/3,048 meters). It is particularly useful in situations when you cannot make a slow ascent. The best ways to prevent altitude sickness are climbing slowly, stopping for 24 hours during the climb to allow your body to adjust to the height that is new and taking it simple the first 1 to 2 days.
This medication is additionally used with other medications to treat a certain sort of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide is a "water pill" (diuretic). It decreases the quantity of fluid that will build up in the eye. It's also utilized to decrease a buildup of body fluids (edema) caused by congestive heart failure or medications that are certain. Acetazolamide can work less well over time, so it is usually used only for a period that is short.
It has additionally been combined with other medications to treat certain types of seizures (petit mal and unlocalized seizures).
OTHER USES: This area contains uses of this medication that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that could be prescribed by your quality of life care professional. Utilize this medication for a condition that is placed in this section only if it was therefore prescribed by the health care professional.
Acetazolamide are often used to take care of periodic paralysis.
Acetazolamide might be taken with or without food. Drink plenty of fluids unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Your dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy.
To prevent altitude vomiting, start acetazolamide that is taking to 2 days before you start to climb. Continue taking it while you are climbing and for at least 48 hours after you have reached your final altitude. You may want to continue taking this medication while staying in the high altitude to control your symptoms. That you climb down as quickly as possible if you develop severe altitude sickness, it is important. Acetazolamide will not protect you from the severe effects of severe altitude vomiting. (See also Precautions.)
If you are using this drug for another condition (e.g., glaucoma, seizures), use this medicine regularly as directed to obtain the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time(s) each time. Using your last dose in the evening that is early help prevent you from having to get up in the middle of the night to urinate. Consult your doctor or pharmacist when you have questions about your dosing schedule.
Do not increase or decrease your dose or stop using this medication without first consulting your doctor. Some conditions can become worse when this drug is abruptly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.
When used for a protracted duration, this medicine may not work also and could require dosing that is different. Your doctor shall be monitoring your condition. Tell your doctor if your problem will not improve or if it worsens (e.g., more frequent seizures).
This drug might reduce the potassium levels in your blood. Your doctor may recommend while you are taking this medication that you eat foods rich in potassium (e.g., bananas or orange juice. Your medical professional may prescribe a potassium also health supplement for you personally to simply take during treatment. Check with your doctor to get more information.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, and an elevated amount of urine may occur, especially throughout the very first few days as your body adjusts to the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss of appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness may also occur. If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist.
Remember that your doctor has recommended this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Tell your doctor appropriate away if some of these most unlikely but serious side effects happen: increased human anatomy hair, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, unusual tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe stomach/abdominal pain.
Look for immediate attention that is medical some of these unlikely but very severe adverse effects occur: easy bleeding/bruising, fast/irregular heartbeat, signs of illness (e.g., fever, persistent sore neck), mental/mood changes (age.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), severe muscle mass cramps/pain, tingling regarding the hands/feet, bloodstream into the urine, dark urine, painful urination, yellowing of the eyes/skin.
a really serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious reaction that is allergic add: blisters/sores in the mouth, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is certainly maybe not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your medical professional for medical advice about side-effects. You may report effects that are side Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using acetazolamide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which could cause allergic reactions or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist to get more details.
This medication should never be used for those who have particular conditions that are medical. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: adrenal gland problems (e.g., Addison's disease), low blood degrees of salt or potassium, severe kidney disease, serious liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis), certain metabolic problems (age.g., hyperchloremic acidosis).
Before using this medicine, inform your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing issues (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis), high quantities of calcium, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, gout, narrow-angle glaucoma, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
While this medicine can help you get accustomed to high altitudes and help you tolerate quick climbs, it cannot completely avoid altitude sickness that is serious. Signs and symptoms of serious altitude sickness may add: serious shortness of breath, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), not enough coordination/staggering walk, extreme tiredness, serious headache.
That you descend to a lower altitude as quickly as possible to prevent serious, possibly fatal problems if you develop any of these symptoms, it is very important.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause vision that is blurred. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Limit beverages that are alcoholic.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a seated or lying position.
This drug may rarely make your blood sugar amounts rise, causing or worsening diabetes. Inform your doctor appropriate away in the event that you develop symptoms of high blood sugar such as increased thirst or tiredness.
If you already have diabetic issues, be sure to test your blood sugar levels regularly. This medicine may cause your blood also sugar levels to fall. Symptoms of low blood sugar include fast/pounding heartbeat, shakiness, hunger and sweating. It is good habit to carry sugar tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. You don't have these reliable forms of glucose, eat a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda to quickly raise your blood sugar level if you are in a situation where. Tell your doctor right away concerning the response.
This medication may make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear clothing that is protective outdoors.
This medication really should not be used in kids less than 12 because it may affect growth that is normal.
This medicine ought to be used with caution into the elderly because they may be much more sensitive to its unwanted effects, especially low potassium or sodium levels.
This medicine is used during pregnancy only if clearly required. Talk about the dangers and advantages with your doctor.
This medication passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing baby. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Airmail: 2-3 business weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.
Airmail: 2-3 business weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.