Phenytoin can be used to prevent and control seizures (also called an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic medication). It really works by reducing the spread of seizure activity in the brain.
OTHER USES: This part contains uses of this drug being not listed in the approved labeling that is professional the drug but that may be prescribed by your wellness care professional. Use this medication for an ailment that is listed in this section as long as it is so prescribed by the medical care expert.
This drug may be used to also treat certain kinds of irregular heartbeats.
Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start taking phenytoin and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, ask your medical practitioner or pharmacist.
Simply take this medication by mouth usually once a day or in divided doses as directed by your doctor. You may take it with food if stomach upset occurs. Simply take this medication with a full glass (8 ounces or 240 milliliters) of water unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
Swallow the capsules whole. Don't use the capsules if discolored.
Use this medication regularly in order to obtain the benefit that is most from it. It is important to take all doses on time to keep the amount of medicine in your body at a constant level. Remember to utilize it at the time( that is same) each day. Dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to treatment.
Products which contain calcium (e.g., antacids, supplements) and tube-feeding that is nutritionalenteral) products may decrease the absorption of phenytoin. Do not take these products at the time that is same your phenytoin dose. Separate liquid nutritional products at least 1 hour before and 1 hour after your phenytoin dose, or as directed by your medical practitioner.
Do not stop using this medication without consulting your physician. Seizures may become worse when the drug is abruptly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually reduced.
Inform your physician if your condition does not enhance or worsens.
Headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, feeling of spinning, drowsiness, difficulty sleeping, or nervousness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist quickly.
Phenytoin might cause swelling and bleeding associated with gums. Massage your gums and brush and floss your teeth frequently to minimize this issue. See your dentist regularly.
Remember that your particular physician has prescribed this medicine because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor immediately if any one of these not likely but side that is serious occur: unusual eye movements, loss in coordination, slurred message, confusion, muscle twitching, double or blurred vision, tingling of the hands/feet, facial modifications (e.g., distended lips, butterfly-shaped rash around the nose/cheeks), excessive hair growth, increased thirst or urination, unusual tiredness, bone or joint pain, easily broken bones.
Only a few individuals who simply take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as for example seizure, manic depression, pain) may experience despair, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood problems. Tell your doctor right away in the event that you or your family/caregiver notice any changes that are unusual/sudden your mood, thoughts, or behavior including indications of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming yourself.
For males, in the very unlikely event you have an agonizing or extended erection lasting 4 or more of their time, stop applying this drug and seek instant medical attention, or permanent problems could take place.
Get medical help straight away if some of these uncommon but very serious adverse impacts occur: uncontrolled muscle movements, muscle weakness/pain, inflamed glands (lymph nodes), stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes or skin, dark urine, easy bruising/bleeding, signs of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat or fever), chest pain, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat.
a severe allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction include: rash, high fever, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In america -
Phone your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report side effects to Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your medical professional for medical advice about side-effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using phenytoin, tell your medical professional or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other anti-seizure medications (e.g., carbamazepine, ethotoin, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, trimethadione); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, that may cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more information.
Before utilizing this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, particularly of: alcohol use, certain bloodstream conditions (porphyria), diabetes, liver illness, lupus, folate or vitamin B-12 deficiency (megaloblastic anemia).
This drug might make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit beverages that are alcoholic. Alcohol may additionally affect your bloodstream degrees of this medication.
Tell your physician you are employing phenytoin prior to surgery or any procedure which makes you unable to take it by mouth.
If you have diabetes, this drug may increase your blood sugar levels. Check your blood (or urine) glucose level frequently, as directed by your doctor. Promptly report any results that are abnormal directed. Your medicine, fitness plan, or diet might need to be adjusted.
Supplement D supplements are necessary to avoid weakening of the bones (osteomalacia). Discuss this together with your doctor.
During pregnancy, this medicine should be utilized only when plainly needed. It could harm an unborn baby. However, since untreated seizures are a condition that is serious can harm both a pregnant girl and her unborn baby, do not stop taking this medication unless directed by the doctor. If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy. Since birth control pills, patches, implants, and injections may not work if taken using this medicine (see also Drug Interactions section), discuss reliable forms of birth control along with your physician.
Phenytoin passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Airmail: 2-3 business weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.
Airmail: 2-3 business weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.