Metformin is combined with a proper diet and exercise program and possibly with other medicines to control high blood sugar. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes. Controlling high blood sugar aids in preventing kidney damage, blindness, nerve dilemmas, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Metformin works by helping restore your body's proper response to your insulin you naturally produce. In addition decreases the amount of sugar that your particular liver makes and that your particular stomach/intestines absorb.
OTHER USES: This area contains uses of this medication being perhaps not listed in the approved professional labeling for the medication but that may be recommended by the health care professional. Utilize this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it is often so prescribed by your health care professional.
Metformin can be used with lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to prevent diabetes in people who are at high risk for becoming diabetic. It is also used in women with a certain disease of the ovaries (polycystic ovarian syndrome). Metformin may make cycles that are menstrual regular and increase fertility.
Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking metformin and each time. If you have any relevant questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, often 1-3 times every day with meals. Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medication unless otherwise directed by the doctor.
The dosage is based on your condition that is medical to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). To reduce your risk of side effects (such as upset stomach), your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and slowly boost your dose. Follow your medical professional's instructions carefully.
Take this medication frequently in order to have the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the times that are same day.
If you are already taking another anti-diabetic drug (like chlorpropamide), follow your medical professional's directions carefully for stopping/continuing the old drug and metformin that is starting.
Check your blood sugar regularly as directed by your doctor. Record the total results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage/treatment may should be changed.
Nausea, sickness, stomach upset, diarrhoea, weakness, or a metallic taste in the mouth may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately. If belly symptoms return later (after taking the dose that is same several days or weeks), tell your doctor right away. Stomach symptoms that occur after the first days of your treatment may be indications of lactic acidosis.
Keep in mind that your physician has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Metformin does not usually cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other anti-diabetic medications. Consult with your doctor or pharmacist about perhaps the dose of your other diabetic medication(s) needs to be lowered.
Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar consist of sudden sweating, shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or hands/feet that is tingling. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. If you don't have these reliable types of glucose, rapidly increase your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or soda that is non-diet. Tell your doctor about the reaction right away. Low blood sugar is more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually heavy exercise, or do not consume sufficient calories from food. To greatly help prevent blood that is low, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to discover what you ought to do if you miss a meal.
Symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and fruity breath odor. If these symptoms occur, inform your doctor straight away. Your medical professional may need certainly to adjust your diabetes medication(s).
Stop taking this medicine and tell your doctor straight away if this extremely severe complication occurs: lactic acidosis (see Warning section).
a very serious reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you notice some of the after symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of this face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is simply not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
Within the US -
Phone your doctor for medical advice about part impacts. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about unwanted effects. You might report side effects to wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See also Warning section.
Before taking this medicine, tell your medical practitioner or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to metformin; or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which could cause allergy symptoms or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: serious respiration problems (such as obstructive lung disease, severe asthma), blood problems (such as anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency), kidney condition, liver disease.
Before having surgery or any X-ray/scanning procedure using injectable iodinated contrast material, tell your physician that you are taking this medication. You will need to temporarily stop this medication before the right time of your surgery/procedure. Consult your doctor for further instructions.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dental practitioner about all of the products you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and natural products).
You'll experience blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness because of extremely low or high blood sugar levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.
Limit liquor when using this medication as it can increase your threat of lactic acidosis and developing low blood sugar.
High temperature, "water pills" (diuretics such as for instance hydrochlorothiazide), too much sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting may cause loss in too much body water (dehydration) while increasing your danger of lactic acidosis. Stop taking this medicine and tell your physician straight away when you yourself have extended diarrhea or vomiting. Make sure to drink sufficient fluids to prevent dehydration unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
It may be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a noticeable change in your treatment plan, medications, or blood sugar screening.
Older adults could be at greater risk for side-effects such as for instance low bloodstream sugar or lactic acidosis.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly required. Discuss the risks and benefits with your physician. Your doctor may direct one to instead use insulin with this product during your maternity. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully.
Metformin can cause alterations in the menstrual cycle (promote ovulation) and increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your pharmacist or doctor about the use of trustworthy birth control while using this medication.
Metformin passes into breast milk in small quantities. Consult your medical practitioner before breast-feeding.
Airmail: 2-3 business weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.
Airmail: 2-3 business weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.